Download PDF by James C. Naylor: A Theory of Behavior in Organizations

By James C. Naylor

ISBN-10: 0125144504

ISBN-13: 9780125144506

A idea of habit in businesses develops a idea for organizational habit, or, extra properly, a idea of person habit inside corporations of habit.
The booklet starts off by means of discussing a sequence of basic matters fascinated about the speculation of habit in firms. It then describes the idea itself in 3 phases: first, the final constitution of the idea; moment, definition of the most important variables; and 3rd, the interrelationships among the variables. next chapters express how the speculation bargains particularly with such concerns as roles, choice making, and motivation.
The idea awarded is a cognitive thought of habit. It assumes that guy is rational (or at the least nonrandom) for the main half, and that as a scientific or nonrandom generator of habit, man's activities are defined most sensible when it comes to wide awake, pondering acts at the a part of the person. the speculation offers with why the person chooses yes replacement classes of motion as opposed to others, and hence it may well thoroughly be known as a thought of selection habit. while the emphasis is at the cognitive facets of habit, enormous realization has been dedicated to exterior, noncognitive variables within the procedure that play significant roles within the selection of person habit.

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Additional info for A Theory of Behavior in Organizations

Sample text

Its analogue in the environment is objective performance. For both states, products are measured and evaluated; a level o f performance results. For objectíve performance this occurs in the environment; for self-evaluation, it occurs within the individual. I n addition to the person's evaluation o f his or her o w n products, there are evaluations by a variety o f others in the person's environment. T h e person has some perceptions o f these evaluations, and these are located 42 A Theory of Behavior in Organizations in the perceived others evaluations.

T h e r e is a related process that occurs for his or her self-evaluation, but it operates differently, and will be discussed later. H e r e w e are referring only to the external system. T h e s e evaluation-to-outcome contingencies reflect the external reward system as perceived by the person. W h e n the products a person creates are evaluated, they are placed on some g o o d - b a d continuum. W h e n this process is completed, we speak o f performance. T h e evaluation-tooutcome contingencies, then, are the person's perception o f how his or her performance is reflected into outcomes from the environment.

Thus, whereas the organization may intend that some o f these noncontingent outcomes should be rewards, such allocation is not a reac­ tion to the individual's performance. T h e advantage o f the distinction between contingent and noncontin­ gent outcomes is that it allows us to isolate and identify the process by which the environment deals uniquely with the individual. A s w e shall see, the processes involved in the environment's measurement, evalua­ tion, and reward systems for a given individual become important influ­ ences on the behavior o f that individual.

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A Theory of Behavior in Organizations by James C. Naylor


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