Global struggle i used to be a watershed in glossy global historical past. at the battlefield, hundreds of thousands have been slaughtered by means of chemical struggle, desktop weapons, and trench warfare—and this mindless bloodletting is still the main enduring legacy of the nice warfare. severe to realizing the war’s value is the often-overlooked emergence of a “modern” dynamic grassroots peace move that either antagonistic conflict and sought to abolish its social causes.
Edited by way of Scott H. Bennett and Charles F. Howlett, Antiwar Dissent and Peace Activism in global conflict I the United States provides fundamental files, such a lot anthologized for the 1st time, illustrating competition and resistance to the conflict and the government’s efforts to advertise the battle and limit dissent. This clean assortment highlights the huge variety of antiwar sentiment: non secular and secular, liberal and radical, pacifist and nonpacifist, together with conscientious objection. It additionally addresses key concerns raised via the antiwar movement—particularly dissent in wartime, civil liberties, the which means of patriotism, and citizen peace activism—that stay very important to realizing American democracy.
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Extra info for Antiwar Dissent and Peace Activism in World War I America: A Documentary Reader
See Kathleen Kennedy, Disloyal Mothers and Scurrilous Citizens: Women and Subversion during World War I (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999). 16. Ernest Freeberg, Democracy’s Prisoner: Eugene V. Debs, the Great War, and the Right to Dissent (Cambridge ma: Harvard University Press, 2008). 17. Scott Nearing, The Making of a Radical: A Political Autobiography (New York: Harper & Row, 1972), 116. 18. See, for instance, “Many Members of Banking Firm in Jingo Trust,” New York Call, 30 August 1915, 1–2.
As women, we feel a peculiar moral passion of revolt against both the cruelty and the waste of war. As women, we are especially the custodians of the life of the ages. We will not longer consent to its reckless destruction. As women, we are particularly charged with the future of childhood and with the care of the helpless and the unfortunate. We will not longer endure without protest that added burden of maimed and invalid men and poverty stricken widows and orphans which war places upon us.
Dismissing “silly talk about honor,” peace advocates argued that the United States should not wage war on the German people because of their Introduction . 9 government’s policies. ”8 Some ethnic Americans and African Americans, furthermore, opposed the war on national and racial grounds. Many Irish Americans attempted to keep the United States from entering the war on the side of Britain, while some German-speaking Americans did not want to fight against their original homeland and against kin and relatives.
Antiwar Dissent and Peace Activism in World War I America: A Documentary Reader