Get Aspirations and Anxieties: New England Workers and the PDF

By David A. Zonderman

ISBN-10: 0195057473

ISBN-13: 9780195057478

Aspirations and Anxieties is a operating category highbrow historical past of early manufacturing facility operatives in antebellum New England. The booklet makes a speciality of the operatives' perceptions of technological and socio-economic adjustments within the mechanized place of work. The learn uncovers a fancy debate over many features of the manufacturing facility system--the machines and manufacturing facility structures, wages and hours, family among managers and employees, and the content material and personality of protest. eventually, the ebook argues that the roots of this debate lie within the fight to outline the which means of labor itself in a interval of profound social swap.

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Additional info for Aspirations and Anxieties: New England Workers and the Mechanized Factory System, 1815-1850

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Now a day's work is 140 yards—the wages 44 cents. 25 This report summed up many of the problems workers saw in the speedup and stretch-out—the physical toll of the intense labor, the constant reduction of piece rates, and the knowledge that their extra efforts were being exploited by the owners. Sarah Bagley, once she became a leading critic of the factory system, also voiced her qualms about the increased speed of labor in the mills. She saw everyone working harder just to stay even; if an operative was lucky enough to make a few extra cents, she did so only through exhausting effort.

They tried hard to fix this by putting beeswax on the spindles or sticking knitting needles through the bobbins. During the three years I worked there was very little improvement. Given this litany of mechanical problems, it is not surprising that none of the early Fall River weavers tended more than two looms. "35 There was one component of the power looms that caused the most consternation among weavers—that was the shuttle that carried the filling thread (weft) across the warp threads to create woven cloth.

Up to that time the yarn used was on bobbins which we stuck on the spindles. When the loom was started the yarn flew off into a trough thus wasting more than one half. They tried hard to fix this by putting beeswax on the spindles or sticking knitting needles through the bobbins. During the three years I worked there was very little improvement. Given this litany of mechanical problems, it is not surprising that none of the early Fall River weavers tended more than two looms. "35 There was one component of the power looms that caused the most consternation among weavers—that was the shuttle that carried the filling thread (weft) across the warp threads to create woven cloth.

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Aspirations and Anxieties: New England Workers and the Mechanized Factory System, 1815-1850 by David A. Zonderman


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