By Rianne Letschert, Ines Staiger, Antony Pemberton
The large-scale terrorist assaults on 9-11 ended in extra cognizance being dedicated to sufferers of terrorist acts. Discussions happened on how their wishes can be top accommodated. The Madrid bombings in March 2004 gave additional impetus to this method. This improvement can be a part of a contemporary pattern in the direction of normal sufferer of crime guidelines that department out into really expert rules devised to satisfy the desires of specific teams of sufferers reminiscent of sufferers of trafficking, sufferers of sexual violence and abuse or sufferers of site visitors injuries. besides the fact that, even though a stream of nationwide and foreign cohesion in terms of addressing the wishes of sufferers of terrorism has built, political consensus continues to be fragile.
This publication presents a radical research of the explicit wishes of sufferers of terrorism (using either felony and psycho-social studies), in comparison to sufferers of different types of crime. The examine combines diversified disciplines, permitting to mix the various views resulting in synergy within the research of the felony and psycho-social wishes of sufferers of terrorism. moreover the appropriateness of restorative justice practices within the context of terrorism is incorporated and gives demanding new insights.
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Additional resources for Assisting Victims of Terrorism: Towards a European Standard of Justice
14. This brief review of the literature will not address the root causes of terrorism. For more information, see Alex Schmid, Why Terrorism, Root Causes, Some Empirical Findings, and the Case of 9/11, Presentation at the Council of Europe Conference, “Why Terrorism? Addressing the Conditions Conducive to the Spread of Terrorism”, Strasbourg, 25–26 April 2007, Stream-video accessible through the Council of Europe website. References to the definition of terrorism and the root causes as discussed in the United Nations General Assembly debate “Measures to eliminate international terrorism”, October 1–5, 2001, United Nations, New York; at http://www.
42 This brief overview does, however, demonstrate the variety of manifestations of terrorism and the ensuing difficulties to develop a common legal definition of the concept. 4 Some Final Observations What is lacking at the moment, is international consensus about a legal definition of terrorism that would end controversies such as whether a particular armed group can be considered legitimate ‘freedom fighters’ or unlawful terrorists. 43 This also applies to the contested concept of terrorism and explains the difficulties encountered in arriving at a commonly accepted definition.
5 Defining Victims of Terrorism Just as it is difficult to agree on a definition of terrorism, it also appears problematic to define the term ‘victims’ in the context of terrorist attacks. 46 However, at the start, it should be noted that the term ‘victim’ in itself gives rise to controversies because it is considered to have a negative connotation. For many bereaved family members, the term ‘victim’ refers to the deceased. They themselves often prefer to be considered ‘survivors’47. Considering that international instruments do not use the term ‘survivor’, and for reasons of consistency, we will, however, continue to use the term ‘victim’ throughout this study.
Assisting Victims of Terrorism: Towards a European Standard of Justice by Rianne Letschert, Ines Staiger, Antony Pemberton