By Kevin Hillstrom
They're enormous, far away, and scarcely populated. but the environments of Australia, Oceania, and Antarctica are dealing with an analogous threats confronting the remainder of the planet, in addition to a few precise ones in their personal. How have human-introduced species impacted Australia's usual order? What new worldwide conventions are supporting shut Antarctica's ozone gap? and the way is international weather switch threatening the South Pacific's species-rich coral reefs?The region's governments are grappling with the spectre of world warming, which, if now not meaningfullly addressed via industrialized international locations part a global away, may produce emerging sea degrees in a position to engulfing a number of states of Oceania and in part submerging parts of many different inhabited islands. Australia, Oceania, and Antarctica tackles the tough matters, difficult difficulties, and political controversies surrounding those lands of extremes.
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Extra resources for Australia, Oceania, & Antarctica: A Continental Overview of Environmental Issues (Hillstrom, Kevin, World's Environments.)
SOURCE: Secretariat of the Pacific Community, 2000 the 10 million mark between 2010 and 2015, with the fastest growth occurring in towns and cities. Some countries, including the Federated States of Micronesia, Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea, and the Marshall Islands, could double or even triple their current populations by 2050 if current growth trends hold (Population Reference Bureau, 2002). Many PICs are in the midst of major transitions from subsistence-oriented economies to economies predicated on industrialization, commercialization, and tourism.
2000. The New Zealand Biodiversity Strategy. Wellington: Department of Conservation. , and A. Cole. 1999. Assessing the Value of New Zealand’s Biodiversity. Occasional Paper Number 1, School of Resource and Environmental Planning, Massey University (February). 28 AUSTRALIA, OCEANIA, and ANTARCTICA The fortunes of the multitudes of tree, shrub, mammal, bird, reptile, and fish species that currently exist in Oceania fall along a vast spectrum. Many are undoubtedly thriving, enjoying robust health in largely unspoiled habitat.
Much of this prosperity is the result of Australia’s extensive investments in oil, mining, forestry, farming, and other natural resource industries, many of which have a strong export component. Indeed, Australia’s economy has been heavily reliant on the harvest, extraction, and management of its natural resources throughout its history, and recent years have been no exception. For example, in 2000 Australia’s farming, forestry, and mining sectors accounted for 57 percent of the country’s total export income (Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics, 2001).
Australia, Oceania, & Antarctica: A Continental Overview of Environmental Issues (Hillstrom, Kevin, World's Environments.) by Kevin Hillstrom