By Philipp Frank
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All the arguments which Driesch has arrayed so ingeniously for the existence of a pure science show indeed that there are principles independent of our experience but fail to explain why this is the case. The reasons are completely revealed by the conception presented above. Thus we see that the latest philosophy of nature revives in a striking way the basic idea of critical ideal- 24 BETWEEN PHYSICS AND PHILOSOPHY ism that experience only serves to fill in a framework which man brings along with him as a part of his nature.
Today, too, a fictionalistic con- MODERN PHYSICS AND PHILOSOPHY 57 ception is often presented for the purpose of bringing out more strongly the "eternally valid," "philosophically reasonable" truths by contrast. It is very often asserted by philosophers, and sometimes also by physicists, that, for instance, non-Euclidean geometry and the Einstein measurement of time are mathematical fictions, whereas Euclidean geometry and absolute time are, in the very nature of things, established truths. Still more often we find, however, that physicists refuse to make any decisions concerning such questions as time, space, causality, etc.
21 In reality, however, only that part of enlightenment was refuted which was not enlightenment. Nevertheless, because of the weight of authority of those involved, this disparagement of the great achievements of the eighteenth century has had considerable influence. There is perhaps no one among us who did not acquire a prejudice against enlightenment at school during his youth. , were imitated by many shallow writers who diluted their criticism more and more and descended to intolerable banality, ending up by continuing themselves the misuse of the auxiliary concepts.
Between physics and philosophy. by Philipp Frank