By Matthew Carr
Blood and religion is a riveting chronicle of the expulsion of Muslims from Spain within the early seventeenth century. In April 1609, King Philip III of Spain signed an edict denouncing the Muslim population of Spain as heretics, traitors, and apostates. Later that yr, the full Muslim inhabitants of Spain used to be given 3 days to depart Spanish territory, on danger of death.In the brutal and nerve-racking exodus that undefined, complete households and groups have been obliged to desert houses and villages the place that they had lived for generations, leaving their estate within the fingers in their Christian pals. via 1613, an predicted 300,000 Muslims were faraway from Spanish territory.
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Extra info for Blood and Faith: The Purging of Muslim Spain
Its basic principle was defined in the thirteenth-century legal code known as the Siete Partidas (Seven-Part Code) drawn up by the Castilian king Alfonso X, which declared that “the Moor should live among the Christians in the same manner as . . ” It prohibited Muslims from building mosques in Christian towns or engaging in public acts of Islamic worship, but they were permitted to follow their religion in their own communities. A similar code drawn up by James I of Aragon for the Mudejars of the Uxó Valley in the thirteenth century went even further:We desire that all Muslims should continue under their sunna [Islamic religious laws] in their marriages and in all other matters.
In the late Middle Ages, many Spanish towns and villages staged pageants and festival-dances known as Moors and Christians in which local Christians dressed up as Moors were defeated by Christians in mock battles. 3 Animosity and hostility were not restricted to Christians. Islamic Spain had its own lexicon of vilification to describe Christians: enemies of God, Nazrani (followers of the Nazarene), dogs, swine, and Franks—a generic term for all European Christians that was synonymous with barbarism, belligerence, and a lack of culture.
With their positions secure, the Christians now opted to starve Granada into submission rather than carry out a costly assault. Throughout the summer and autumn, Ferdinand’s troops ravaged the Lecrín Valley in the Alpujarra Mountains, burning villages and destroying the crops and orchards that still brought food into the city. With the onset of winter, Muslims, Jews, Genoese merchants, African slaves, and Christian captives in Granada were reduced to eating horses, dogs, and rats. In November, Boabdil and his counselors began surrender negotiations with the Castilian royal secretary, Hernando de Zafra.
Blood and Faith: The Purging of Muslim Spain by Matthew Carr