By Christian Nellemann et al.
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Additional info for Blue Carbon. A Rapid Response Assessment
G. , 2000). , 2009). , 2001). Largescale restoration projects have been successfully conducted for mangroves. , in press). g. Boorman and Hazelden 1995). Restoring lost seagrass meadows is more complex, as the labour required to insert transplants under the water increases cost. Seagrass restoration projects have consequently remained comparatively limited in size (a few hectares) and number. However it is a viable option provided the benefits of seagrass restoration can be used strategically, for example to catalyze the great potential for natural recovery.
2005a). The carbon burial capacity of marine vegetated habitats is phenomenal, 180 times greater than the average burial rate in the open ocean. Carbon burial in the ocean represents slightly over 10% of the oceanic carbon sink capacity (up to 25% using maximum estimates, Table 1, see below), estimated, from observations and inverse models, to be about 2,000 Tg C year–1 (Sarmiento and Gruber, 2002). However, this 2,000 Tg C year–1 is the carbon annually transferred from the atmosphere to the oceans, where it is largely stored as dissolved inorganic carbon.
Their range is expected to extend to higher latitudes as sea temperatures rise due to climate change. HABs have already been observed more frequently in northern Europe (Tester, 1994). , 2008). , 2008). WHO ARE THE MOST VULNERABLE TO CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON OCEANS? As mentioned in the previous chapters, impacts on the oceans from growing climate change are likely to include rising sea levels, increasing acidity, increasing frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, and decline in fisheries.
Blue Carbon. A Rapid Response Assessment by Christian Nellemann et al.