By Robert J. Roth
This quantity contributes to the notable resurgence in curiosity for American pragmatism and its proponents, William James, C. S. Peirce, and John Dewey, via concentrating on the impression of British empiricism, specifically the philosophies of Locke and Hume, and the pointy adjustments among the 2 traditions. it's Roth's competition that American pragmatism, often referred to as America's first "indigenous" philosophy, has anything major to claim philosophically, not just for the United States, yet for the realm. Hereto, the traces of improvement and divergence among British empiricism and American pragmatism haven't been sufficiently constructed.
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Extra resources for British Empiricism and American Pragmatism: New Directions and Neglected Arguments
7 Some of the characteristics of the contents of the mind are similar in both Locke and Hume and they can be stated briefly. They are undifferentiated and they are mental constructs detected by reflection. A notable difference, however, is that Locke has two main divisions of ideas, namely, simple and complex. Hume puts the distinction between simple and complex in two places, the first under original impressions or impressions of sensation, and the second under idea. Examples of simple original impressions are color, taste, and smell, while an apple is an original complex sensation.
He points out what he takes to be an evident contradiction in our view of substance. On the one hand, "the most judicious philosophers" are aware that the ideas they have of bodies are but collections formed by the mind of the ideas of the qualities that compose the object. These qualities are different, distinguishable, separable from one another, such as color, taste, solidity. Yet the mind is prone to regard compounds as one thing, continuing the same despite considerable changes. We have then a contradictioncomposition vs.
To overcome this, the imagination feigns an unknown something called substance. Nonetheless, in the contradiction between diversity and identity, between separate, distinguishable, successive qualities and a unified, continuous object, Hume takes the former to be more justifiable philosophically. When dealing with substance, cause and effect, belief, personal identity, and the continued existence of objects, he is willing to admit that imagination and custom smooth over gaps and diversities. It is the "judicious philosopher" who can expose the fiction and render a true account of the state of affairs.
British Empiricism and American Pragmatism: New Directions and Neglected Arguments by Robert J. Roth