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Additional resources for Bulletin on Narcotics: Illicit Drug Markets
Vertical grey bands represent the time-lagged intervals of significant price increase on United States streets. It should be noted that, during the 1990s, the United States price index settled to a floor of $55 to $60 whenever there were no disturbances arising from sourcezone interception operations. Empirical modelling of narcotics trafficking from farm gate to street Figure VIII. 29 Drops in price of cocaine base in Peru and rises in United States price index following each major source-zone or transit-zone operation of the 1990s The following short descriptions of these operations cover only the highlights : (a) The "war on drugs" consisted of coordinated operations against the Medellin cartel in Colombia and an extensive blockade of cocaine traffic leaving Colombia to cross the Caribbean.
Figure X. Data from the Drug Usage Forecasting, Treatment Episode Data Set and Drug Abuse Warning Network, 1988-2000 The TEDS time series represents the percentage of treatments linked to cocaine as a primary or secondary drug of abuse. During the periods of the war on drugs and the forcedown or shoot-down policy, TEDS dropped several percentage points and the tight clustering of data about the moving average suggests that the discernable dips at the beginning of operations Support Justice I11 and IV are significant.
34 .. 77 12 12 16 12 65 40 534 191 163 .. 37 1 Note: Two dots (. ) indicate that cells have been intentionally left blank because they have n o defined content. *For simplicity, Asia and Australia were left out as consumer zones. 5 per cent. Empirical modelling of narcotics trafficking from farm gate to street 23 In the source and transit zones, seizure rates range from l1 per cent for Bolivia to 14 per cent for the transit zone. The sole exception is 6 per cent for Peru, which exports a large fraction of production as cocaine base rather than cocaine hydrochloride and therefore has less interception exposure.
Bulletin on Narcotics: Illicit Drug Markets by United Nations