R. E. Hester, R. M. Harrison's Chemicals in the Environment: Assessing and Managing Risk PDF

By R. E. Hester, R. M. Harrison

ISBN-10: 0854042067

ISBN-13: 9780854042067

Hugely topical, and with authoritative contributions from overseas specialists, this booklet covers either the medical underpinning and the legislative and sensible problems with chemical substances within the atmosphere. this e-book covers either the medical underpinning and the legislative and useful problems with this emotive topic. unique assurance of an issue makes this well liked by a large viewers of people from govt companies, or educational learn - fairly these in environmental chemistry sectors.

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Additional resources for Chemicals in the Environment: Assessing and Managing Risk (Issues in Environmental Science and Technology)

Example text

There were also, however, clear correlations observed for type and incidence of cancer with chemist location. For example, death due to lymphatic cancers was observed to be much higher than expected in the case of Swedish chemists. The prevalence of other cancers, such as testicular, and of certain heart diseases, was found to be relatively high for chemists. The good news (for us chemists) is that if all causes of death are combined, then chemists have a relatively low-mortality rate. We appear to be much less susceptible than other groups to respiratory and heart diseases, and to accidents (I suppose that the last fact is due to our health and safety training).

Of course all these chemicals come from the environment in the first place: around onethird of a billion tonnes is derived from oil and gas, with the rest coming from water, air and minerals. The environmental and health risks posed by manufactured chemicals are, however, obviously quite different from those of their source materials. g. qxd 11/14/2005 5:51 PM Page 24 24 Elliot G. Finer ● ● by recycling (at present about 7% of the 3 million tonnes of plastic waste arising annually in the UK is recycled); and by designing ‘greener’ chemical processes, which use smaller quantities of chemicals and/or less risky chemicals and produce less by-product.

Qxd 11/14/2005 5:51 PM Page 25 Chemicals Risk Assessment and Management 25 But we do know that some chemicals can cause cancers. Cancer of the scrotum was observed amongst chimney sweeps by Percival Potts in London in the 18th century, caused by exposure to benzo(a)pyrene and other chemicals present in soot. Vinyl chloride monomer can cause cancer of the liver, benzene can cause leukaemia, and beta-naphthylamine can cause bladder cancer. We take extreme care to avoid exposure of people to these chemicals.

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Chemicals in the Environment: Assessing and Managing Risk (Issues in Environmental Science and Technology) by R. E. Hester, R. M. Harrison

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