By Robert J. Thomas
Why do farm employees earn much less and feature a reduce prestige than blue-collar staff in related jobs? Robert J. Thomas solutions this question via a multi-method research of agricultural paintings and exertions markets. Fieldwork as a lettuce harvester presents precious insights from the point of view of undocumented immigrants. it is a compelling research of ways the vulnerability of non-citizens and ladies employees augments managerial keep an eye on.
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Extra info for Citizenship, Gender and Work: Social Organization of Industrial Agriculture
However, the organization of production around individual piece-rates and unskilled labor also made the demand for labor fixed in the aggregate. In other words, with a fixed volume of output and an immutable division of labor (or a division of labor that could only be replicated across a larger volume of product), reductions in labor cost could only come about through reductions in the wage rates for a fixed volume of output, that is, what Marx referred to as an increase in absolute surplus value.
S. Department of Agriculture, Statistical Research Service, Farm Labor , 1948–1977. State of California, Office of the Governor, Economic Report of the Governor , 1964 and 1977, Sacramento. ― 40 ― labor process in agriculture should lead one to expect substantial change in the structure of the labor market. How, then, do we account for the capacity of complex and highly profitable firms to acquire labor so cheaply? Do agricultural firms have unchallenged access to that labor? If so, why? And, perhaps more to the point, has the agricultural labor market changed?
Thus, I will argue, efforts to alter the system of labor supply from outside agriculture help explain changes in the structure of agricultural labor markets. Third, strategies pursued by nonagricultural business in the post-World War period had further impact on the structure of agricultural labor markets and, by extension, on the organization of agricultural production. Of greatest consequence, rising union wages and social welfare costs prompted some employers to seek reliable sources of less expensive ― 51 ― labor.
Citizenship, Gender and Work: Social Organization of Industrial Agriculture by Robert J. Thomas