By Richard L. Ottinger, Nicholas Robinson, Victor Tafur
This quantity is a spouse to The legislation of power for Sustainable improvement (Cambridge, 2004). right here, the IUCN Academy of Environmental legislation assembles, for the 1st time, a quantity of criminal tools that are well-known as constituting the center of the legislations of strength for sustainable improvement. Like its significant other paintings, this quantity might be a vital reference for all execs fascinated about environmental and effort learn.
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Additional info for Compendium of Sustainable Energy Laws (IUCN Academy of Environmental Law Research Studies) (v. 2)
The challenge is formidable. 15 All three cases achieve this through different energy system developments, but with varying degrees of success in terms of sustainability (table 5). A middle-course, or reference, case (B) includes one scenario and is based on the general direction in which the world is now headed. This scenario assumes the continuation of an intermediate level of economic growth and modest technological improvement, and it leads to adverse environmental impacts, including regional acidification and climate change.
These goals for suppliers can be complemented by mechanisms that favour sustainable energy technologies in energy market choices. Other regulatory approaches supportive of sustainable energy include mandating that a certain percentage of energy comes from renewable sources, requiring that energy grids be open to independent power producers, and ensuring that rural populations are served. Such regulations are based on the recognition that energy market restructuring in itself may not help achieve sustainable development.
Even in the absence of subsidies, market barriers – such as lack of technological knowledge, different interests of investors and users, and high transaction costs of individual investors – keep energy efficiency measures from reaching their cost-effective potential. Options to overcome these barriers include voluntary or mandatory standards (effectively applied) for appliances, vehicles, and buildings, labeling schemes to better inform consumers, procurement policies to achieve higher standards and economies of scale, technical training in new energy efficiency technologies and their maintenance, and credit mechanisms to help consumers meet higher first costs.
Compendium of Sustainable Energy Laws (IUCN Academy of Environmental Law Research Studies) (v. 2) by Richard L. Ottinger, Nicholas Robinson, Victor Tafur