By Matthew W. Crocker (auth.)
Computational Psycholinguistics: An Interdisciplinary method of theStudy of Language investigates the structure and mechanisms which underlie the human means to approach language. it's the first such research to combine sleek syntactic conception, cross-linguistic mental facts, and smooth computational thoughts in developing a version of the human sentence processing mechanism.
The monograph follows the rationalist culture, arguing the imperative position of modularity and common grammar in a thought of human linguistic functionality. It refines the inspiration of `modularity of mind', and provides a disbursed version of syntactic processing which is composed of modules aligned with some of the informational `types' linked to sleek linguistic theories. by means of contemplating psycholinguistic proof from a variety of languages, a small variety of processing ideas are influenced and are tested to carry universally. it's also argued that the habit of modules, and the concepts operative inside of them, should be derived from an overarching `Principle of Incremental Comprehension'.
Audience: The ebook is suggested to all linguists, psycholinguists, computational linguists, and others attracted to a unified and interdisciplinary learn of the human language faculty.
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Extra resources for Computational Psycholinguistics: An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Study of Language
1 [vp [pp ... that the girl Holland likes "... " ... that the girl from Holland smiled a. h. IP IP ~VP ~VP NP ~~~ het meisje van Holland] houdt van Holland . houdt NP ~PP NP ~~ van Holland het meisje glimlachte Until the verb is reached, van Holland is ambiguous as either an NP modifier or VP object. Frazier's evidence indicates, however, that sentences of the form in (b) are more difficult to parse than (a), demonstrating a preferred attachment to the VP even though the verb has not been encountered.
Another example is possible local ambiguity of a complement as either NP or S, as observed in (13): (24) Preferred NP vs. S complement. a. " b. " PERSPECTIVES ON SENTENCE PROCESSING 41 MA predicts the NP the solution to the problem will be initially analysed as the direct object (24b), since this avoids postulating the intervening S node. This prediction is borne out by the eye-movement experiment described in (Frazier & Rayner 1982). That study also tested cases of clause boundary ambiguity illustrated by the following sentences: (25) Preferred object attachment where possible.
Crain & Steedman (1985) illustrate the formal/processing autonomy distinction in their model which formally separates a categorial syntax from semantics, where there is a rule-to-rule mapping between the two. At a processing level, however, they suggest that the syntactic representation is never actually constructed, but rather defines the mechanism used to recover possible semantic representations. l l In their model, Crain and Steedman assume that processing occurs incrementally and serially: as each item is encountered the syntax generates all possible interpretations, and the 'most contextually appropriate' of these is then selected by the subsequent semantic and pragmatic systems, such that only one possible analysis is entertained.
Computational Psycholinguistics: An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Study of Language by Matthew W. Crocker (auth.)