By Morris F. Collen
Chapter 1 deals an summary of the elemental laptop expertise. each one succeeding bankruptcy, describes the issues in medication, through a evaluate in chronological series of why and the way desktops have been utilized to aim to satisfy those difficulties. in basic terms the technical features of machine undefined, software program, and communications are mentioned as they're essential to clarify how the expertise was once utilized. This process regularly resulted in defining the targets for purposes of clinical informatics. on the finish of every bankruptcy, the writer summarizes his own perspectives and interpretations of the bankruptcy contents. even though the concurrent evolution of scientific informatics in Canada, Europe, and Japan definitely motivated staff within the usa, the scope of this ancient overview is proscribed to the improvement of clinical informatics in the usa. in addition, this overview is restricted to digital electronic desktops; it excludes mechanical, analog, and hybrid computers.
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Additional info for Computer Medical Databases: The First Six Decades (1950–2010)
Edelstein (1981) noted that in its beginnings, users had to understand how and where the data were stored; and data could not be shared by different applications, so that resulted in much duplication of data and effort. However, soon computer systems were developed to permit standardization of data-access methods and to allow some sharing of data. Van Brunt (1980) noted that despite the increasing use of computer technology in the 1970s, there were not yet any notable effects of computers on a physician’s mode of practice.
12 1 Prologue: The Evolution of Computer Databases Mouse selector-devices were invented in 1968 to effectively use a computer display with a graphical-user interface to select and move data on a display; not only up, down, and sideways, but also diagonally. The mouse was held with one hand and rolled across a flat surface to direct its pointer on the screen; and buttons were pressed on the mouse to control its activity. A microprocessor inside the mouse transmitted a packet of data when it detected a change in the position of the mouse or in the state of its buttons.
Google also developed an advertising business that sold a few lines of text linked to Web queries; and in 2010 Google reported having several billion queries each day (Gomes 2010). Similarly, Wikipedia evolved to collect information that was constantly updated by anonymous users. In the 2000s You Tube, Google, and Facebook with their video services became popular social networks. In 2010 Facebook was estimated to have 500-million active users in its online networking service despite its laxness in protecting the privacy of personal data, a problem that became more evident as Google gathered images from unsecured Wi-Fi nets in peoples’ homes (Wi-Fi 2010).
Computer Medical Databases: The First Six Decades (1950–2010) by Morris F. Collen