By J. Cavallin
This learn is a revised model ofa publication, released in February 1990 less than a similar name, as my Ph.D. thesis on the college of Stockholm. Revision of an previous paintings poses particular difficulties, a few of which deserve pointing out. After the looks of the 1st model of this publication new literature on similar matters and a brand new model of the critical HusserI textual content interested in the dialogue have seemed. The more recent literature comprises either money owed of Twardowski's idea and its kin to HusserI's philosophy, notwithstanding with out pertaining to my examine from 1990, principally as the texts involved have been con ceived parallell to it, although released later, or independently of it. it is going to look anachronistic, during this state of affairs, to go into into new and ex tensive discussions with the authors of this literature. the alternative made right here has been to replace the unique learn, including references to texts released after my learn, and to take account of issues of perspectives expressed. i've got retained the main a part of the elemental details giv en within the 1990 model, even though a few of it can now be extra famil iar to scholars than it was once in 1990.
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Additional info for Content and Object: Husserl, Twardowski and Psychologism
Twardowski's theory is proposed to be valid for all presentations without exception. 73 However, in an essay, "Images and Concepts" from 1898, he describes also the internal structure of presentations and at the same time also distinguishes between different sorts of presentations. Nothing in that essay contradicts explicitly the general theory in "Zur Lehre", which also includes an important contribution to the theory of "indirect" presentations. e. " in or through this act. The act is the event consisting in the singular mental experience of an individual person.
G. Twardowski's lectures on logic in Vienna 1894-5, p. 6: Wir miissen also daran festhalten, dass die Urteile fiber eine Beziehung eine besondere Classe neben den Urteilen fiber Existenz sind. 68 OBJECTS OF PRESENTATIONS 49 depend on the object of the psychical phenomenon examined. A presentation and a judgement might have the same object but they differ in their content. And the content of the judgement, Twardowski agrees with Brentano, is the (affirmation or negation of) existence. 69 For Twardowski the crucial feature in this distinction between presentations and judgements was the "isolation" of the object of the presentation from questions of existence.
Only if the notion of object is not tied exclusively to that of reality is it possible to develop the kind of "formal ontology" on which Husserl's idea ofa "pure" phenomenology rests. A general tendency to link nominalism to psychologism is observed by Tatarkiewicz, from Ockham and onwards. Cf. Tatarkiewicz 1993 Vol.!. pp. 298-9. SS S6 See the Introduction to the second edition of the Logical Investigations. CHAPTER 4 THE RESURGENCE OF ONTOLOGY: OBJECTS OF PRESENTATIONS In this chapter Twardowski's doctrine on acts, objects and contents of presentations will be introduced in the following three steps, preparing for the discussion of the themes of the controversy between HusserI and Twardowski.
Content and Object: Husserl, Twardowski and Psychologism by J. Cavallin