By Henry Shaftoe
Regardless of advancements in city layout over the past few a long time, architects, city planners and architects usually proceed to provide parts of bland, commercially led city textile that bring the fundamental practical requisites of defend, paintings and relaxation yet are socially unsustainable and certain turbines of destiny difficulties. Convivial city areas demonstrates that winning city public areas are a vital a part of a sustainable outfitted atmosphere. with out them we're more likely to flow into an more and more deepest and polarized society, with all of the difficulties that will suggest. Taking a multidisciplinary strategy, this ebook attracts on examine, and the literature and conception of environmental psychology and concrete layout, to develop our knowing of what makes powerful public areas. sensible tips is illustrated with case stories from the united kingdom, Spain, Germany and Italy. the result's a pragmatic and obviously offered advisor to city public house for planners, architects and scholars of the city atmosphere.
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Additional info for Convivial Urban Spaces: Creating Effective Public Spaces
For noise control), by-laws and licensing restrictions which can be invoked by local authorities to ‘clean up’ the streets. Coventry was the site of the first by-law banning the consumption of alcohol in town-centre streets and public spaces (Ramsay 1989, 1990) and since then such street drinking bans have spread exponentially, particularly in response to moral panics about street beggars, loutish behaviour and binge drinking. Such legal and licensing measures do appear to have had an effect in reducing crime and particularly antisocial behaviour in town centres, but one has to ask if the problem has not been moved elsewhere, to sites such as parks just outside the city centre, as appears to have been the case with Coventry.
Young people want to hang out with their own particular clique or gang. Fourteen-year-olds will not necessarily want to be in the same places as 12-year-olds – a couple of years make a huge difference at that age. If you just provide one facility without providing for adaptable use or dedicated locations for other groups, you may find that there is conflict over space and the intended target group is edged out. Location and journey time to facilities for young people are crucial factors. Generally speaking, facilities for pre-teens need to be very close to where they live and need to be closely managed by adults or, in the case of open play spaces, they need to be visible from parents’ homes.
This is a crucial factor that will significantly determine whether or 3287 Earthscan Convivial (2col) 30/4/08 11:49 AM Page 55 What Makes a Space Convivial? This has particular implications for the facilities and management of public space, as there is a risk that certain demographic groups (such as older people, women, disabled people and those from ethnic minorities) will feel nervous about using certain public spaces, even if their risk of victimization is quite low (see Shaftoe 2004). The design of public spaces should also allow for clear views and the possibility of easy escape or refuge.
Convivial Urban Spaces: Creating Effective Public Spaces by Henry Shaftoe