New PDF release: CounterExamples: From Elementary Calculus to the Beginnings

By Bourchtein, Andrei; Bourchtein, Ludmila

ISBN-10: 1482246678

ISBN-13: 9781482246674

"This ebook offers a one-semester undergraduate creation to counterexamples in calculus and research. It is helping engineering, average sciences, and arithmetic scholars take on in general made faulty conjectures. The ebook encourages scholars to imagine seriously and analytically, and is helping to bare universal blunders in lots of examples.In this ebook, the authors current an summary of significant thoughts and effects in

"In this manuscript we current counterexamples to various fake statements, which regularly come up within the calculus and basics of genuine research, and that could seem to be actual first and foremost look. A counterexample is known right here in a vast experience as any instance that's counter to a few assertion. the themes coated drawback features of genuine variables. the 1st half (chapters 1-6) is expounded to single-variable services, beginning with easy homes of features (partially studied even in college), passing via limits and continuity to differentiation and integration, and finishing with numerical sequences and sequence. the second one half (chapters 7-9) offers with functionality of 2 variables, regarding limits and continuity, differentiation and integration. one of many targets of this booklet is to supply an outlook of vital strategies and theorems in calculus and research through the use of counterexamples.We limited our exposition to the most definitions and theorems of calculus so that it will discover diversified types (wrong and proper) of the elemental suggestions and to work out what occurs a couple of steps open air of the normal formulations. as a result, many attention-grabbing (but extra particular and utilized) difficulties now not similar on to the elemental notions and effects are skipped over of the scope of this manuscript. the choice and exposition of the fabric are directed, within the first position, to these calculus scholars who're attracted to a deeper knowing and broader wisdom of the themes of calculus. we expect the provided fabric can also be utilized by teachers that desire to wade through the examples (or their diversifications) at school or assign them as homework or extra-curricular tasks. so one can make nearly all of the examples and strategies obtainable to"-- Read more...

summary: "This ebook presents a one-semester undergraduate creation to counterexamples in calculus and research. It is helping engineering, traditional sciences, and arithmetic scholars take on more often than not made faulty conjectures. The booklet encourages scholars to imagine significantly and analytically, and is helping to bare universal mistakes in lots of examples.In this publication, the authors current an outline of significant recommendations and ends up in calculus and actual research by means of contemplating fake statements, which can seem to be actual initially look. The booklet covers issues in regards to the services of actual variables, beginning with hassle-free homes, relocating to limits and continuity, after which to differentiation and integration. the 1st a part of the booklet describes single-variable features, whereas the second one half covers the features of 2 variables.The many examples offered during the e-book often commence at a really easy point and turn into extra complicated in the course of the improvement of exposition. on the finish of every bankruptcy, supplementary routines of other degrees of complexity are supplied, the main tricky of them with a touch to the solution.This e-book is meant for college kids who're drawn to constructing a deeper figuring out of the themes of calculus. The accrued counterexamples can also be utilized by calculus teachers of their periods. "--

"In this manuscript we current counterexamples to diverse fake statements, which regularly come up within the calculus and basics of genuine research, and that could seem to be real at the start look. A counterexample is known right here in a vast feel as any instance that's counter to a couple assertion. the themes coated drawback services of actual variables. the 1st half (chapters 1-6) is said to single-variable features, beginning with ordinary houses of services (partially studied even in college), passing via limits and continuity to differentiation and integration, and finishing with numerical sequences and sequence. the second one half (chapters 7-9) offers with functionality of 2 variables, concerning limits and continuity, differentiation and integration. one of many targets of this e-book is to supply an outlook of significant techniques and theorems in calculus and research by utilizing counterexamples.We limited our exposition to the most definitions and theorems of calculus for you to discover diverse models (wrong and proper) of the basic recommendations and to determine what occurs a number of steps open air of the normal formulations. consequently, many fascinating (but extra particular and utilized) difficulties no longer comparable on to the fundamental notions and effects are ignored of the scope of this manuscript. the choice and exposition of the cloth are directed, within the first position, to these calculus scholars who're drawn to a deeper realizing and broader wisdom of the subjects of calculus. we expect the offered fabric can also be utilized by teachers that desire to wade through the examples (or their diversifications) in school or assign them as homework or extra-curricular tasks. with a view to make the vast majority of the examples and options available to"

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Extra resources for CounterExamples: From Elementary Calculus to the Beginnings of Analysis

Example text

1? ) 0 , otherwise 9. 4: “if both functions (defined on the same domain) have the same fundamental period, then their ratio has the same fundamental period”. 10. ” 11. 4 works. 12. 4, where the sum is substituted by the product. 13. 5, where the sum is substituted by the ratio. 34 Counterexamples: From Calculus to the Beginnings of Analysis 14. 5 is feasible, albeit is rare. That is, construct a counterexample to the following false statement: “if the product of two odd functions is odd then both functions are zero” (Hint: Since the product of two odd functions is always an even function and the condition says that the result is an odd function, it follows that the product is zero.

Remark. A similar statement for the sum of two increasing (decreasing) functions is true. Example 2. ” Solution. Let f (x) = x1 and g (x) = x1 be considered on (−∞, 0). 1: Example 1 function are strictly decreasing on (−∞, 0). However, h (x) = f (x)·g (x) = x12 is strictly increasing on (−∞, 0). Another pair of functions can produce non-monotone product. For instance, f (x) = x and g (x) = x are defined and strictly increasing on R. However, h (x) = f (x) · g (x) = x2 is not monotone function on R.

First, for local extrema, we can consider the function f (x) = |x|, that has 1 1 a local (and global) minimum at x0 = 0, but the function f (x) = |x| has no maximum at 0 (it does not defined at 0). 2: Example 2 x0 = 0, but the function at x0 = 0. 1 f (x) = 1 x2 −1 has a local, but not global, maximum Example 5. ” Solution. The functions f (x) = g (x) = − |x| have a local (and global) maximum at x0 = 0, but f (x) · g (x) = x2 has a local (and global) minimum at this point. { Another interesting counterexample is f (x) = − |x| and g (x) = x + 1, x ≤ 0 .

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CounterExamples: From Elementary Calculus to the Beginnings of Analysis by Bourchtein, Andrei; Bourchtein, Ludmila


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