H. Stephan's Cultural Politics and the Transatlantic Divide over GMOs PDF

By H. Stephan

ISBN-10: 1137314729

ISBN-13: 9781137314727

ISBN-10: 1349329703

ISBN-13: 9781349329700

Along different components, cultural values and identities support to give an explanation for diverse regulatory frameworks for genetically changed organisms. This e-book makes use of insights from environmental heritage and sociology to light up the cultural politics of legislation within the US and the european, with specific cognizance to public opinion and anti-GMO activism.

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Sample text

Federal systems are commonly portrayed as offering multiple venues for influence and opposition which might lead to policy deadlock in the short term and political compromises in the longer term – and thus to more stringent agbiotech regulations. But the nature and effects of ‘regulatory federalism’ (Bernauer 2003) are not analogous on both sides of the Atlantic. While both political systems are models of ‘fragmented governance’ (Varone et al. 2007), the US has not witnessed high levels of internal regulatory competition.

But these aspects do not seem to be decisive on their own. They only matter alongside a top-down, morally infused process of attitude formation which provides an interpretive ‘filter’ for GMO-related events and which has often led to ‘moral vetoes’ among Europeans. ) – even in the face of GMO-related ‘events’ with crisis potential. After beginning with a brief overview of institutionalist approaches, this chapter explores political-economic perspectives and finally delves into a detailed analysis of public attitudes towards GMOs, covering conventional risk–benefit evaluation, trust-related perspectives, and higher order ethical/moral considerations.

Although the regulatory landscape has been stable for many years, more recently economic and scientific-regulatory pressures have begun to mount. Political elites and regulatory agencies are now hesitantly responding to ever louder, if conflicting, calls for regulatory adaptation, triggering a process that some have dubbed ‘change without reform’ (Pollack and Shaffer 2009: 273). Economic challenges to the development and widespread planting of new GM varieties have come through legal activism in the US and the desire to preserve agricultural exports to major foreign markets.

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Cultural Politics and the Transatlantic Divide over GMOs by H. Stephan

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