Read e-book online Decision Support Systems for Sustainable Development: A PDF

By Tung X. Bui (auth.), Gregory E. Kersten, Zbigniew Mikolajuk, Anthony Gar-On Yeh (eds.)

ISBN-10: 0306475421

ISBN-13: 9780306475429

ISBN-10: 0792385829

ISBN-13: 9780792385820

In fresh years, a lot paintings has been performed in formulating and clarifying the idea that of sustainable improvement and similar theoretical and study matters. Now, the problem has shifted to designing and stimulating strategies of potent making plans and decision-making, in any respect degrees of human task, in this sort of method as to accomplish neighborhood and worldwide sustainable improvement. details expertise will help greatly achieve sustainable improvement by means of offering well-designed and worthy instruments for selection makers. One such software is the choice help approach, or DSS.
This booklet explores the realm of DSS within the context of sustainable improvement. As DSS is a really new process, particularly within the constructing international, this publication will function a reference textual content, basically for managers, executive officers, and data pros in constructing international locations. It covers the idea that of sustainable improvement, defines DSS and the way it may be utilized in the making plans and administration of sustainable improvement, and examines the cutting-edge in DSS use. different readers will comprise scholars, lecturers, and analysts in details sciences; DSS designers, builders, and implementors; and overseas improvement agencies.

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Additional resources for Decision Support Systems for Sustainable Development: A Resource Book of Methods and Applications

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Generic DSS Architecture The specifications which the DSS needs to satisfy lead to recommendations with respect to the technical/architecture and functional aspects of the DSS. As we show in Fig. 4, the DSS has an architecture comprising of data components and software components. The data components include data, models and solution databases. It also requires a bank with dialog primitives that are used to compose interfaces. The software components comprise a database management system (DBMS) capable of handling the databases, a model base management system (MBMS) to handle the model base and a solution (scenario) management system.

The focus of the process model is on support functions and specific tasks as opposed to the main types of activities (phases) in the process. An integration of the decision phases with managerial functions and tasks allows us to enrich the DSS framework. Four decision making issues are discussed in Section 2. They build upon the cognitive view approach and stress the importance of the concept-to-stimulus focus that positions the decision maker at the center of the decision making and support process.

As a consequence they have to keep track of what they have done for each of them. Model building for semi- and unstructured problems is difficult and requires considerable expertise. Therefore, they are often constructed by system analysts and MS/OR specialists and not by the managers who are the direct users of DSSs. This, however, may defeat the very purpose of the system since it may not meet the managers' requirements, and therefore, is unlikely to participate directly in the decision pro- 44 Decision Making and Decision Support cess, In this case, and also when the decision maker is a direct user, the model may be considered as a black box.

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Decision Support Systems for Sustainable Development: A Resource Book of Methods and Applications by Tung X. Bui (auth.), Gregory E. Kersten, Zbigniew Mikolajuk, Anthony Gar-On Yeh (eds.)

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