By Ashutosh Varshney
What occurs to the agricultural folk--to their strength and financial well-being--when improvement happens in a democratic framework? concentrating on India the place, not like lots of the constructing international, a democratic procedure has flourished for 4 a long time, this e-book investigates how the agricultural quarter makes use of its numbers in a democracy to additional its financial and political pursuits. The ebook additionally argues that identities represent a strong constraint at the pursuit of monetary pursuits.
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Extra resources for Democracy, Development, and the Countryside: Urban-Rural Struggles in India
K. Dey, Minister for Community Development, July 2, 1959, cited in S. Gopal, Jawaharlal Nehru, vol. 3, p. 117. 17 Speech in Lok Sabha (Lower House of Parliament), August 22, 1960, reproduced in Nehru's Speeches, vol. 4, p. 141. 18 Speech in Madurai, April 15, 1959, in Nehru's Speeches, vol. 4, p. 130. 34 Democracy, development, and the countryside Farm cooperatives, too, had a production logic: What is the future of our peasantry? A great number of them have barely one or two acres of land to cultivate.
It is often said that Nehru was very struck by Chinese cooperatives. It has hardly been noticed that he also sent a team of experts to Israel to study the working of cooperatives so that India could learn from the Israeli experience. 16 In an effort to explain the rationale for cooperatives, Nehru explicitly refuted the charge that ideology, not production considerations, underlay his notion of cooperatives: For some odd reason the word "cooperative" rather frightens some people. . It has been said that this leads to something terrible - communism.
But there are many types of incentives, some incentives that are good for society and some that are bad. . " 23 Nehru thus fluctuated between positing that the profit motive did not have a significant place in Indian society and saying that the profit motive was undesirable, a trespassing from the positive to the normative. There had to be other, more compelling, reasons for pushing the institutional strategy and excluding price incentives. The enormously powerful and technically sophisticated planners provided those reasons.
Democracy, Development, and the Countryside: Urban-Rural Struggles in India by Ashutosh Varshney