Der Wiener Kreis in Ungarn / The Vienna Circle in Hungary by András Máté, Miklós Rédei, Friedrich Stadler PDF

By András Máté, Miklós Rédei, Friedrich Stadler

ISBN-10: 370910176X

ISBN-13: 9783709101766

ISBN-10: 3709101778

ISBN-13: 9783709101773

Der Einfluss des Logischen Empirismus zeigt sich heute besonders in der analytischen Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie. Die erzwungene Emigration der meisten Mitglieder des Wiener Kreises aus Europa bis 1938 führte zur gewaltsamen Unterbrechung der Entwicklung dieser bedeutenden Wissenschaftstradition. Durch die Emigration des Wiener Kreises vor allem in die united states wurde der Logische Empirismus gleich nach 1945 zu einer wichtigen Richtung für die Philosophy of technology in der angelsächsischen Welt. In Ungarn warfare dies jedoch nicht der Fall: hier wurde nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg die Bewertung des Logischen Empirismus ideologisiert. Dennoch sind sowohl Philosophen als auch Wissenschaftler vom Logischen Empirismus beeinflusst worden. In den bilateralen Beiträgen zu diesem Band wird erstmals aus aktueller Forschungsperspektive die Wirkung des Wiener Kreises auf die Philosophie und Wissenschaft in Ungarn vor und nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg analysiert und neu bewertet.

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Example text

This eclecticism – common in other, mostly non-Catholic countries on the periphery of Europe – was often not more than a rhetorical device, but one result of this attitude was that scientists often rejected taking up explicit philosophical positions. In the early 20th century this aphilosophical attitude still characterized popular science writing in the vernacular. As S´andor Mikola, one of the most well-known popularizers of physics (and also teacher at the famous “Fasori” Lutheran high school, where John von Neumann, Eugene Wigner, and many other eminent scientists studied) wrote already in the 20th century: The realists are correct, as acquiring knowledge is the process whereby reality is imprinted in our spirits.

Dazu die Beitr¨ age in Richardson 2007, z. : “there was no homogenous Vienna Circle with an undisputed program and verificationism at its center”, Friedrich Stadler in Richardson 2007 S. ” Und er setzt fort: “Postpositivist philosophers of science such as Feyerabend, Putnam and others (. . ) [reduced] the plurality of logical empiricist answers to the T[heory]-question to what the postpositivists ominously dubbed the ‘received’ or the ‘orthodox view”’, Mormann in Richardson 2007 S. 161; wie George Reisch in Richardson 2007 S.

25 The emblematic journal of the period is the Nyugat (West), run and funded by a group of liberal intellectuals. Before the Nyugat was launched, however, more or less the same group of intellectuals created a short-lived journal, called Szerda (Wednesday). Edited and owned by Antal Gundel (son of the famous restaurant owner), the journal had various sections, the literary one edited by Zolt´ an Ambrus, the theatrical by Ignotus (later editor in chief of Nyugat) and the scientific one by Gy˝oz˝o Zempl´en.

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Der Wiener Kreis in Ungarn / The Vienna Circle in Hungary by András Máté, Miklós Rédei, Friedrich Stadler

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