By Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz
This Elibron Classics ebook is a facsimile reprint of a 1875 variation via Weidmann, Berlin.
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Additional info for Die philosophischen Schriften: Band I
44 This kind of practical non-cognitive grasping is, for Merleau-Ponty (and Dreyfus, Sean Kelly, and others), largely what takes place in learning, and bound up with this privilege given to motor intentionality and skilful coping is a suggestion that such basic activities involve non-inferential perceptual norms. As Dreyfus and Kelly put it: The agent feels immediately drawn to act a certain way. This is different from deciding to perform the activity, since in feeling immediately drawn to do 40 Postanalytic and Metacontinental something the subject experiences no act of the will.
This is always a judgment call, depending The Fate of Transcendental Reasoning 41 on an array of background norms regarding justification and explanatory comprehensiveness. It does suggest, however, that cognitive and empirical science cannot be ignored by any phenomenologist working in this particular embodied transcendental tradition, and that empirical discoveries can and should (potentially) be able to cast doubts on the claims of transcendental philosophy. There is, however, a strong and a weak (immodest and modest) way to interpret Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty’s claims to a primacy of the ready-to-hand and embodied perception.
Second, considered as such a form, in Austin’s hands the transcendental argument becomes much the same sort of device as the standard argument forms of the ordinary language school; say, the paradigm case argument, or the argument from excluded opposites. In each of these three cases, the argument form involves reasoning to a state of affairs from a capacity we have that presupposes it (our wielding of ‘red’ presupposes red things exist; our talk of ‘counterfeit coins’ presupposes there are real ones).
Die philosophischen Schriften: Band I by Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz