By Watts Miller
Thorough and wide-ranging exam of the technology of morals, reviving and protecting the culture of a systematic method of ethics. Engages with fresh debates on modernism and morality, demonstrating the modern relevance of Durkheim's principles. This ebook is meant for social and political conception, philosophy of technology and Durkheimian experiences inside of sociology, philosophy and politics.
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Additional info for Durkheim, Morals And Modernity
The idea of the normal is bound up with this, and it is unDurkheimian to define the normal in terms of a particular, individual society. 30). Perhaps, in other respects, it is a pathological case today. It is consistent with all this that he still recognizes and indeed looks for things that are very general or even universal, such as “the formation of the conscience collective, the principle of the division of labour”, etc. ([1886a] 1970a:214). 22). But the point is made in a context emphasizing how much laws, morals and so on vary between social types.
But how? He accuses Guyau and Spencer of an “intellectualism” that sees religion as essentially cognitive, and insists, instead, that it is above all practical. Then this might save religion, if it is not essentially cognitive, from science. How can it save religion, if it is above all practical, from ethics? Or does his attack on intellectualist error contain the answer? Intellectualism treats religion as some sort of debating society. 35–7). 20). 22). 39 DEVELOPING A MORAL SCIENCE It is in this conservative-sounding context that he argues that the conscience collective simply records society and does nothing more.
If anything is likely to disappear it is metaphysics itself. Its development “does not run parallel with the human mind”. 38). He is silent, on this occasion, about what we should do when we have to act beyond these limits. Yet his whole argument points firmly in the direction of practical faith. In fact it must, or concede Guyau’s whole case for an enlightened non-religion of the future, getting away from dogma without discussion, embracing anomie, and coping with moral risk and doubt. He seems reluctant to address this case explicitly and directly.
Durkheim, Morals And Modernity by Watts Miller