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This ebook provides an account of all facets of Einstein’s achievements in quantum idea, his personal perspectives, and the development his paintings has prompted considering his loss of life. whereas a few chapters use arithmetic at an undergraduate physics point, a direction is supplied for the reader extra inquisitive about rules than equations, and the publication will gain to anyone drawn to Einstein and his method of the quantum.
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Additional info for Einstein's Struggles with Quantum Theory: A Reappraisal
1967). The Old Quantum Theory. Oxford: Pergamon. 2. Jammer, M. (1989). The Conceptual Development of Quantum Mechanics. , McGraw-Hill. , Tomash, Los Angeles/American Institute of Physics. 18 1. The Philosophical Background 3. Mehra J. and Rechenberg, H. (1982–87). The Historical Development of Quantum Theory. New York: McGraw-Hill. 4. Heisenberg, W. (1925). Über quantentheoretische Umdeutung kinematischer und mechanischer Beziehungen, Zeitschrift für Physik 33, 879–93; English translation, Quantum theoretical reinterpretation of kinematic and mechanical relations, in Ref.
From this time on, though he continued to think deeply about quantum theory, as he did for the rest of his life, his direct contributions were somewhat fewer, partly because of his intense efforts in the area of general relativity, and from around 1920 his work on unified field theories. From 1913 Bohr’s influence over the subject grew dramatically. However Einstein was to make a number of crucial interventions, direct and indirect, in the 1920s. First though we look at another important piece of work he performed in 1916.
While Bohr did not explicitly consider the types of transition, one would deduce from his work that two types needed to Spontaneous and Stimulated Emission; Probability and Statistics 27 be considered. The first is from En to Em caused by absorption of radiation from a field at frequency f with Em − En = hf ; the probability of a transition would be proportional to the energy density, ρ, of the field. The second is from Em to En ; this would be thought to be independent of any field and may be called spontaneous emission.
Einstein's Struggles with Quantum Theory: A Reappraisal by Dipankar Home