By Dudley Baines
Why did sixty million humans go away Europe for in a foreign country locations among 1815 and 1930? What have been the social and monetary motives and results of this mass migration? Why did a few humans to migrate and never others, and why did such a lot of emigrants go back to Europe? This brief, accomplished survey solutions those and different questions relating to emigration from various elements of Europe. Written particularly for undergraduate scholars, it experiences the present literature in different eu languages, summarizes either monetary and demographic theories, and analyzes the relation among fiscal switch in Europe and the emigration expense.
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Extra info for Emigration from Europe 1815–1930
E. from the same areas as wert> providing the emigrants to Europe [Gould, 1980a, 93]. The southern Italians also went to a range of destinations although, for them, the United States was the most important. Polish migration patterns in the early twentieth century were equally complex. Polish emigration rates were also high in the early twentieth century: 8 per cent of the Polish population left the country each year. Migration was in three main directions: to the United States, to cities in eastern Europe and to western Germany [Morowska, 1985, 28].
But in the case of Denmark, when the annual flow of letters is known, it increased faster than the rate of emigration [Hvidt, 1975, 187; Norman and Rundblom, 1985, ~- Individual letters have survived, of course. They were invariably concerned with family matters but often contained important details about job prospects, wages and so on (see the collections by Erickson and by Thomas and Znaniecki, for example). Of course, the information that the letters carried may have been biased. Their purpose could have been to encourage friends and relatives to join the writer of the letter.
This suggests that the agents were following, not leading, the market for emigrants. 48 It is also thought that the direct recruitment of labour in Europe by American companies was largely ineffective. Charlotte Erickson showed that the practice of importing workers on contract into the United States had stopped even before 1885 when it became illegal [Erickson, 1957, 88-105]. The reason was that recruiting contract labour was usually more trouble than it was worth, not least because it was easy for immigrants to break the contracts if they thought that they were being exploited.
Emigration from Europe 1815–1930 by Dudley Baines