By Lis Thomas
This ebook explores Levinas's rethinking of the that means of ethics, justice and the human from a place that affirms yet is going past the anti-humanist philosophy of the 20th century.
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Additional info for Emmanuel Levinas: Ethics, Justice, and the Human Beyond Being
Rather they harbour and displace this ‘profound’ ontological thematic—“[t]hey translate a certain de-finition of our being, not being as such” (EV 70). In this translation, being as such is overlooked precisely because it has been harboured, or hidden, through a displacement. An answer to the question of why this might have happened would remain at the level of psychology. What is required is the recognition that this desire is already a displacement of a necessity governing being as such. For Levinas, this desire for escape has transposed an acute sense of being riveted into a search for refuge.
In Time and the Other, Levinas conceives of the relation of inauthenticity and authenticity in Heidegger’s early work as an expression of an old antinomy of the social and the singular. In this antinomy, one side is always constructed as the degraded form of the other (TO 58/TA 149). At a more general level, Levinas argues in HYPOSTASIS 33 Existence and Existents that the configuration of authenticity and inauthenticity points to the fact that the “dialectic of being [l’être] and nothingness continues to dominate ontology” (EE 20/DE 20).
BW 5) Levinas intends to demonstrate that another person makes a claim upon me that necessarily interrupts the relation to being, so as to give the indeterminacy and anonymity of the subjective relation to being a positive signification. This remains to be demonstrated. Existence and Existents begins this task with a critique of the relation of subject and existence. Levinas elaborates on the specificity of his approach with regard to the question of being and the ontological difference. He indicates his intention to start with being and move toward the existent, thereby apparently reversing the manner in which Heidegger approached the question of being.
Emmanuel Levinas: Ethics, Justice, and the Human Beyond Being by Lis Thomas