Cara Flanagan, Philip Banyard's Ethnical Issues in Psychology (Routledge Modular Psychology) PDF

By Cara Flanagan, Philip Banyard

ISBN-10: 0203970837

ISBN-13: 9780203970836

ISBN-10: 041526880X

ISBN-13: 9780415268806

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Extra info for Ethnical Issues in Psychology (Routledge Modular Psychology)

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If we judge the costs and benefits from a participant’s point of view, we might list distress and loss of time versus financial rewards and a feeling of having contributed to scientific research. The research has other costs and benefits, such as possible loss of self-respect for participants versus professional success. Finally, society might weigh up the potential distress of people in certain situations against the use of any knowledge to better human lives. Who wins? Cost-benefit analysis tends to ignore the rights of individuals in favour of practical considerations.

46 ETHICAL PRINCIPLES AND GUIDELINES 8. Protection of participants Investigators have a primary responsibility to protect participants from physical and mental harm during the investigation. e. participants should not be exposed to risks greater than or additional to those encountered in their normal lifestyles. Harm can arise in a number of ways and not all of them can be anticipated. Researchers are asked to be aware of participants’ personal circumstances because in some cases this might increase the risks for them in the research.

This issue cuts very deep into the power relationship between the expert (in this case psychologist) and the naive (in this case the general public). If we say that psychological research should improve human life (see below), then we should include ordinary people in the process and inform them of what we are doing. Mind you, there’s not a lot of money to be made out of that. It is much more profitable to invent something that people were doing fine without but have now come to believe is essential and then sell it to them.

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Ethnical Issues in Psychology (Routledge Modular Psychology) by Cara Flanagan, Philip Banyard

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