By Waltina Scheumann, Oliver Hensengerth
The global fee on Dams (WCD) document (2000) “Dams and improvement: a brand new Framework for Decision-Making” set a landmark within the ongoing controversy over huge dams. Now that greater than ten years have handed, one has to achieve that the WCD norms topic. even though, their actual probability of changing into applied depends on no matter if their center values, strategic priorities and instructions are authorized through nationwide decision-makers and are translated into reliable regulations and practices. The book’s significant problem is whether or not the massive hydropower states have more desirable their criteria for setting and resettlement, and no matter if foreign criteria are utilized or exist in simple terms on paper.
The introductory and synthesis chapters current the methodological technique and speak about the findings. different chapters examine alterations in dam guidelines within the mammoth hydropower states Brazil, China, India and Turkey; the position of non-governmental agencies in advocating opposed to the Turkish Ilisu Dam undertaking at the Tigris River; the techniques of overseas Rivers and global natural world Fund for Nature within the international hydropower video game; the guidelines of the German executive and its positioning within the dam debate, and the engagement of chinese language actors in construction the Bui Dam (Ghana) and the Kamchay Dam (Cambodia).
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Extra resources for Evolution of Dam Policies: Evidence from the Big Hydropower States
Since then, a further thirteen river basins have been the subject of an AAI. This is, however, very limited coverage, when it is remembered that Brazil has 12 hydrographic regions and 56 planning units. An AAI thus enables a basin to be described, its fragilities and potentialities to be identified (temporal and spatial evaluation of cumulative and synergic impacts), directives to the power sector which must be borne in mind in the environmental licensing of new and the management of existing hydro plants to be defined and detailed and complementary programmes to be recommended to other sectors.
Earthscan, London Chapter 2 Sustainable Dam Development in Brazil: The Roles of Environmentalism, Participation and Planning Agnes da Costa Abstract The chapter explores the reforms of Brazil’s environmental and resettlement policies and the influence of domestic and external actors on its dam-related legislation and practices. It analyses two hydropower plant projects: Itaparica, built during the military regime; and Santo Antonio, a public–private project still under construction. The analysis begins with an overview of the relevance of hydropower to Brazil’s development plans since the military regime and of the central administration’s strategy of developing the country’s hydropower potential by maintaining a clean mix of energy sources for the supply of electricity.
Da Costa Moreover, this trend may preclude conflicts of interests, since investors usually put a great deal of effort into minimising costs in order to improve project profitability. It also makes the government more accountable for its decisions. 2 Specific Decision-Making Processes in Dam-Related Policy Arenas In Brazil decisions on the construction of hydropower dams are governed by legislation and policies in three public policy areas: energy, water resources and the environment. Energy policies are framed in a multi-level policy area whose main institutions have been created since the first market-oriented reform (Fig.
Evolution of Dam Policies: Evidence from the Big Hydropower States by Waltina Scheumann, Oliver Hensengerth